Ian Brewer Marketing Digital & Design Executive

In a strategic response to economic challenges, the UK Chancellor's 2023 Autumn Statement introduced substantial modifications to National Insurance (NI) contributions and the National Minimum Wage.

These changes, backed by tangible figures, reflect the government's commitment to achieving a balance between keeping the economy stable and making work fairer for everyone. It is important to note that the National Insurance changes for employees will come into effect in January 2024, while the adjustments to the National Minimum Wage and NI changes for the self-employed will take place in April 2024.

Employee National Insurance Contributions Adjustment:A significant reduction was announced in the main rate of Employee Class 1 NICs, decreasing from 12% to 10% from January 2024. This adjustment impacts employees earning above £12,570. Effectively, employees with incomes surpassing £50,270 will save £754 annually or £62 per month.

Self-Employed Contribution Changes:The Chancellor opted to eliminate Class 2 National Insurance Contributions for the self-employed starting April 6, 2024. Currently, self-employed individuals with profits exceeding £12,570 pay a weekly flat rate of Class 2 NICs, which was set to increase with inflation. This removal results in an annual saving of £192 for almost every self-employed individual, while ensuring continued access to benefits like the State Pension. Additionally, the Chancellor reduced the main rate of Class 4 National Insurance Contributions for self-employed sole traders or partners from 9% to 8% starting April 2024.

Minimum Wage: Advancing Toward a Fairer EconomyThe updated rates from April 2024 are set out below:

  23 and over 21 to 22 18 to 20 Under 18 Apprentice
April 2023 (current rate) £10.42 £10.18 £7.49 £5.28 £5.28
April 2024 £11.44 £11.44 £8.60 £6.40 £6.40

Employer Implications: Employers should ensure that employees falling within these categories are transitioned to the new rates. It is imperative to maintain records demonstrating compliance with the National Living Wage, as failure to do so constitutes a criminal offence. Non-compliance may result in the government publicly naming and shaming companies that do not adhere to minimum wage regulations.


The Chancellor's 2023 Autumn Statement, supported by tangible figures, signifies a strategic and nuanced approach to economic policy. Through the adjustment of National Insurance thresholds, reforming self-employed contributions, and incrementally raising the minimum wage, the government aims to cultivate a fairer and more inclusive economic environment. As these policies unfold, their impact on individuals, businesses, and the overall economy will be vigilantly monitored, shaping the future trajectory of the United Kingdom's economic landscape.

If you have any queries or concerns about these changes then you should speak to your advisers who can help you navigate the changes and help you to ensure you are compliant with them. For more information on how we could help you and your business, contact us at info@oldfieldadvisory.com or call 02476673160.

Please note: This article is provided for information only and was correct as at time of writing (19/12/23). Any lists and details provided above are not exhaustive and are not intended to be full and complete guidance.  No action should be taken without consulting detailed legislation or seeking independent professional advice. Therefore no responsibility for loss occasioned by any person acting or refraining from action as a result of the material contained in this article can be accepted.